General Barb Horvat 14 Jun

Another Sign Of A Economic Strength

Statistics Canada just released the Labour Force Survey for May, adding to the stream of positive economic indicators. While the jobless rate edged up 6.6% from a cycle-low 6.5%, it was the result of more optimism about job prospects as more people participated in the labour market. The jobless rate has been trending down in a see-saw pattern since February of last year (see chart). Adjusted to the way calculations are made in the U.S., Canada’s unemployment rate was 5.6% in May, compared with 4.3% in the U.S. The labour force participation rate in Canada (adjusted to U.S. concepts) was 65.7% in May compared with 62.7% in the United States. On a year-over-year basis, the participation rate increased by 0.2 percentage points in Canada, while it edged up by 0.1 percentage points in the United States.

Unemployment Rate in Canada (Chart)


Canada added 54,500 jobs last month, driven by a 77,000 increase in full-time jobs. This continues the upward trend in job growth that started in July 2016. May’s rise in employment was the third biggest one-month rise in the past five years–stronger than economists had expected.

There were notable employment gains in Ontario, British Columbia, Manitoba and Prince Edward Island. There was little change in the other provinces. Quebec’s unemployment rate fell to a record low of 6%. Manitoba has the lowest jobless rate in the country at 5.3%.
In May, employment increased in several industries, led by professional, scientific and technical services as well as manufacturing. The gain in manufacturing jobs at 25,300 is the most since 2002. There were smaller increases in transportation and warehousing; wholesale and retail trade; as well as health care and social assistance. In contrast, fewer people worked in finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing; information, culture and recreation; and public administration.

The number of private sector employees increased in May, while public sector employment and self-employment were little changed.

The stellar performance in job growth also finally came with a pick-up in wages. The pace of annual wage rate increases accelerated to 1.3% in May, after falling to a record low 0.7% in April. Another sign of potential tightness in the market is that wages for temporary workers are up 4.8% year-over-year.

The employment gains bode well for the continuation of the country’s expansion, which is the fastest among the G7 countries, as Canada emerges from the oil price collapse and benefits from a soaring real estate market.

It also could raise pressure on the Bank of Canada, which has recently sounded much more confident in the strength of the economy. Most economists anticipate a rate increase in the first half of next year. A separate report released Friday by Statistics Canada showed utilization of industrial capacity at the highest since 2007.

Over the past year, the economy created 316,800 new jobs, which was the most robust performance since February 2013, well before the oil price collapse. This pace of job growth has been rarely seen since the 2008-2009 recession.

The initial market reaction was a rise in the Canadian dollar.

In direct contrast, the U.S. posted disappointing job growth in May, just one of several signs indicating that the U.S. economy has hit a soft patch. The Federal Reserve may have reasons to be cautious and refrain from increasing interest rates when the Fed meets next week. However, most economists expect the Fed to hike rates once again next week and to signal its baseline expectations of another interest rate action later this year. The Fed will perhaps begin to outline its approach to slowly shrink its $4.5 trillion balance sheet. The Fed purchased Treasury bonds and mortgage-backed securities during the financial crisis and its aftermath, known as ‘quantitative easing.’ But the time is nearly ripe for the Fed to begin its reversal.

Provincial Unemployment Rates in April In Descending Order (percent)
(Previous months in brackets)

— Newfoundland and Labrador 14.0 (14.9)
— Prince Edward Island 10.3 (10.1)
— New Brunswick 8.7 (8.4)
— Nova Scotia 8.3 (8.6)
— Alberta 7.9 (8.4)
— Quebec 6.6 (6.4)
— Saskatchewan 6.2 (6.0)
— Ontario 5.8 (6.4)
— British Columbia 5.5 (5.4)
— Manitoba 5.4 (5.5)


Chief Economist, Dominion Lending Centres
Sherry is an award-winning authority on finance and economics with over 30 years of bringing economic insights and clarity to Canadians.


Latest News Barb Horvat 26 May

The Bank of Canada has once again held the overnight rate steady at 0.50 per cent pointing to continued low inflation and subdued wage growth, which the Bank judges to be consistent with continuing excess capacity in the economy.

In a very terse press release, the Bank suggests that the U.S. and global economies will gradually strengthen. Weakness in the U.S. economy in the first quarter is seen to be due to temporary factors with a rebound likely in the second quarter.

The Bank’s assessment of the Canadian economy is cautious. Despite what is likely to be 3.8 per cent growth in the first quarter, the Bank only commented that growth was “very strong” in the first quarter and “will be followed by some moderation in the second quarter.” There was no hint of coming interest rate hikes or other forward-looking guidance.

Governor Poloz and his colleagues did assess recent economic indicators to be encouraging, including business investment, which has lagged this cycle. The economic expansion has been driven by consumer spending and the housing sector, “which is becoming more broadly based across regions.” The Bank expects housing to slow in response to measures taken by the provincial and federal governments. Ontario imposed a foreign buyers’ tax in late April and new listings in the Greater Toronto Area surged more than 30 per cent in April. Anecdotal evidence suggests that home sales have slowed thus far in May.

Similar to the response to the foreign buyer tax imposed in August in Vancouver, home price inflation in the GTA is likely to slow in coming months. But the data for Vancouver suggest that the housing market has bottomed, with home price inflation likely to remain at roughly 11 per cent year-over-year.

The Bank stated that “macroprudential and other policy measures have contributed to more sustainable debt profiles,” even though household debt-to-income levels have hit a record high (see chart).

Exports remain “subdued”, owing to competitive challenges. Uncertainties, of course, persist–particularly on the trade side as NAFTA will be renegotiated in fewer than 90 days. Export duties have already been imposed on softwood lumber and President Trump’s rhetoric remains hostile, although the newly appointed U.S. Trade Representative, Robert Lighthizer, appears to be more conciliatory.

The Federal Reserve is widely expected to hike overnight interest rates again later this summer, keeping the Canadian dollar under downward pressure.
Dr. Sherry Cooper
Chief Economist, Dominion Lending Centres


Chief Economist, Dominion Lending Centres
Sherry is an award-winning authority on finance and economics with over 30 years of bringing economic insights and clarity to Canadians.